Art Terms

Portrait: A painting, sculpture, photograph, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant. A portrait often reveals the likeness, personality, or mood of the subject, and often shows the person looking directly at the painter or photographer.

Shape: An element of art that is an enclosed space defined and determined by other elements, such as line, colour, and value.

Monotype Print: A type of printmaking whereby an artist draws or paints on a non-absorbent surface, like glass, metal, or stone. The image is then transferred onto a sheet of paper, by pressing the two surfaces together, usually using a printing press.

Art movements

Expressionism: Art in which the image of reality is distorted in form and colour in order to make it expressive of the artist’s inner feelings. Colour can is typically intense, brushwork is often free, and paint application tends to be generous and highly textured. Expressionist art is emotional and sometimes mystical and can be seen as an extension of Romanticism.

Abstract Expressionism: A style and movement of non-representational painting originating from the 1940s and 50s, where artists apply paint rapidly, with force, and often with large paint brushes to express emotion. The often-large works appear to be accidental, but are actually highly intentional and planned.