Art Terms

Abstract: An art form or object that is primarily an arrangement of basic visual elements, i.e. colour, line and contour, mass, shape and texture. Real objects in nature are represented in a way that wholly or partially neglects their true appearance.

Landscape: A painting or drawing of the land or natural environment.

Texture: The surface quality or “feel” of an object (such as rough, smooth, or soft). Actual textures can be felt, while simulated textures are implied.

Transparency: The quality of a substance that transmits rather than reflects light, i.e. can be seen through. As a property of paint, the term means that the colour will not conceal the surface to which it is applied.

Aerial Perspective:  The method of creating the illusion of distance in a painting by representing distant objects and landscape with less emphasis on outline, detail, tonal contrast and colour intensity than applied to objects in the foreground.

Movement: A principle of design in which the arrangement of lines, shapes, forms, and textures create motion in order to move the eye over the work.