Art Terms

Portrait: An image in two or three dimensions representing an actual person.

Abstract Art: An art form or object which is primarily an arrangement of basic visual elements, i.e. colour, line and contour; mass, shape and texture. Real objects in nature are represented in a way that wholly or partially neglects their true appearance.

Figurative Art : An image which depicts recognizable forms (i.e. figures, objects, landscape), though these may be broadly interpreted and not necessarily shown as a realistic or accurate representation.

Line: A mark with length and direction(s). Some types of line include: vertical, horizontal, diagonal, straight, curved, bent, angular, thin, thick, and interrupted. It may define a space, or it may create patterns, movement, outline, or the illusion of mass or volume.

Mood: The overall feeling or emotion of an artwork.

Art movement

Surrealism: A twentieth century movement that was founded by the French writer, André Breton. The movement was influenced by the theories of the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Surrealist works are as confusing and as startling as those of dreams. These works can be realistic, but can be totally irrational in their depiction of dreamlike fantasies or they can be abstract. If they are abstract, conscious control is eliminated in order to express the unconscious.