Art Terms

Landscape: A painting or drawing of the land or natural environment.

Cityscape: The urban equivalent of landscape, cityscape refers to the artistic representation of a city.

Balance: The visual impression of order and internal logic in a composition in which the characteristics of different elements (i.e. colour, direction, shape, scale, texture, tone, and apparent weight) are successfully integrated as a coherent image.

Value: The lightness or darkness of a tone, judged on a monochromatic range from black to white, through dark, mid- and light greys.

Positive and negative space: Positive space refers to the main form in a composition, while negative space refers to the area that surrounds or penetrates the main form and thus contributes to the overall image without itself having a positive form.

Art movement 

Impressionism: A style of painting that started in France in the 1860s. Artists focused on everyday scenes and the effect of sunlight on objects.